Distributed computing is the practice of using multiple computers to solve a computational problem. This is done by simultaneously running multiple programs across a network of computers. The computers typically have the same processor architecture and operating system, but they do not have to be the same hardware.

The advantage of distributed computing is that it allows for the processing of more complex problems than would be possible on a single computer due to the increased amount of memory and processing power that can be achieved if the computational load is spread across multiple computers. This increases the overall efficiency of the computing process and allows for faster completion of tasks. Distributed computing also allows for better redundancy, meaning that if one computer in the network fails the others can take over the processing task.

Applications of distributed computing are found in several areas. High-performance computing is used to solve computationally-intensive problems ranging from medical research to weather and climate modeling. It is also used extensively in the banking and financial industries to handle large volumes of data. Other applications include distributed databases, distributed web applications, peer-to-peer communications, and grid computing.

Distributed computing is becoming more popular for many reasons. It is cheaper than single computer solutions, reduces power consumption, and allows for faster data processing. Additionally, distributed computing is seen as more secure since a single point of failure does not necessarily cause an entire network to fail.

In order to build a distributed computing system, several components need to be in place. Each computer in the system needs to have a copy of the source code and the hardware resources need to be coordinated. Additionally, the computers must be linked together via a communication network that allows for data transfer. Finally, a middleware layer, such as MapReduce, must be present to coordinate the various components.

Distributed computing is an ever-evolving technology, and new applications are emerging each year. As new hardware becomes available, new opportunities continue to arise in the field of distributed computing. It is safe to say that this technology will continue to be an important part of computer science and will have an increasing impact on the industry.

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