In the internet’s global landscape, the responsibility of managing and coordinating internet resources is shared among several organizations. One such vital entity is AFRINIC, the African Network Information Centre. AFRINIC plays a central role in managing internet numbers resources in the African and Indian Ocean regions. This article will explore the structure, purpose, and operations of AFRINIC in the broader context of internet governance.

What is AFRINIC?

The African Network Information Centre (AFRINIC) is the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Africa, responsible for the distribution and management of internet number resources such as IP addresses (both IPv4 and IPv6) and Autonomous System (AS) numbers. Established in 2004 and fully operational since 2005, AFRINIC is headquartered in Ebene, Mauritius.

Role and Responsibilities

As the RIR for the African region, AFRINIC’s principal responsibilities include:

  • Allocating and Registering Internet Number Resources: AFRINIC manages and distributes IPv4 and IPv6 addresses and AS numbers within its service region. This function is essential for maintaining unique addressing and routing across the internet.
  • Policy Development: AFRINIC provides a platform for policy development relating to internet number resources. The policies are developed by the community and include regulations on how these resources should be allocated and managed.
  • Capacity Building: AFRINIC organizes workshops and training programs aimed at improving network infrastructure, enhancing internet security, and promoting IPv6 deployment in Africa.
  • Promoting Internet Development: AFRINIC advocates for an open, stable, and secure internet in Africa. It supports initiatives that seek to improve internet accessibility and foster internet governance in the region.

Structure of AFRINIC

AFRINIC’s governance structure includes the following:

  • Members: AFRINIC’s members are organizations in Africa that have been allocated internet number resources. These members have voting rights at AFRINIC meetings.
  • Board of Directors: The AFRINIC Board of Directors is elected by the members and is responsible for the organization’s strategic and financial oversight.
  • Chief Executive Officer: The CEO manages AFRINIC’s day-to-day operations and implements the decisions of the Board of Directors.
  • Staff: AFRINIC’s staff carries out the operational tasks related to its mandate, including internet number resources management, training, and policy support.

AFRINIC and Global Internet Governance

AFRINIC operates in the larger framework of global internet governance. It is one of the five RIRs, along with ARIN (North America), RIPE NCC (Europe, Middle East, parts of Central Asia), APNIC (Asia Pacific), and LACNIC (Latin America and Caribbean). These RIRs coordinate with each other and with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), which oversees global IP address allocation.


In summary, AFRINIC is a pivotal actor in Africa’s internet landscape, providing a platform for internet resource management and internet development in the region. Its role in distributing internet number resources, formulating policies, and promoting internet growth reflects its commitment to a robust, accessible, and secure internet in Africa. As the internet continues to evolve, the relevance of AFRINIC’s mandate becomes ever more pronounced, pushing the boundaries of Africa’s digital future.


Organizations that use Internet number resources (like IP addresses and AS numbers) within the African region can become members of AFRINIC. This includes Internet Service Providers (ISPs), telecommunication companies, large corporations, academic institutions, and government agencies.

To obtain IP addresses from AFRINIC, an organization needs to become a member. The process involves submitting an application that demonstrates the need for IP resources and agrees to abide by AFRINIC’s policies. Once the application is approved, the organization will receive an allocation of IP addresses.

AFRINIC promotes internet development in Africa through several means, including training and education, policy development, and advocating for improved internet access and governance. AFRINIC also supports local internet technology events and research related to internet growth in Africa.

As the pool of available IPv4 addresses diminishes, AFRINIC has implemented policies to promote fair and efficient distribution of the remaining addresses. AFRINIC is also promoting the adoption of IPv6, which has a significantly larger address space, to ensure the continued growth of the internet in the African region.

AFRINIC collaborates with the other four RIRs (ARIN, RIPE NCC, APNIC, and LACNIC) to ensure the global coordination of internet number resources. They share policies and best practices and cooperate on issues of global importance such as IP address space exhaustion and the transition to IPv6.

Choose and Buy Proxy

Datacenter Proxies

Rotating Proxies

UDP Proxies

Trusted By 10000+ Customers Worldwide

Proxy Customer
Proxy Customer
Proxy Customer
Proxy Customer
Proxy Customer
Proxy Customer