States have always tried to protect their citizens from information that is harmful to the State itself, or information that has not been censored.
Various blockages and bans have also reached the world wide web. Today, there is a high probability to get to the site, which will be blocked for a certain region or country. Blockages have also become relevant for advertising purposes. For example, by locating a visitor, sites may offer different costs for the same product.
Which makes a proxy
Actual proxy servers are presented in large numbers. But what are they and what are their benefits? A proxy can be translated literally as an intermediary. In fact, he is. If the site and the user’s computer communicate directly with each other during the normal connection, all information packets will go through the site only when using a proxy.
This approach may seem uncomfortable to most people, as an additional link in the chain can significantly reduce the incoming and outgoing connection speed and increase the response time from the endpoint in the network. This is true, but along with the disadvantages of a proxy, it offers the following advantages:
- A proxy for bypassing locks is the most convenient and easy way to do so;
- By means of this connection you can protect yourself in the network, save your data and protect them from fraudsters, phishing sites, etc;
- another plus proxy is the ability to stay anonymous on the network.
Loss of speed and pinging is fully compensated by the ability to stay anonymous in the network, to save your data, and most importantly – to gain access to previously blocked sites.
How does a lockout work and how does a proxy bypass a lockout work? Each computer on the network has its own IP address. It is unique, although in case the provider has provided a dynamic address, its value may change. However, the number of available addresses is always limited. The target site identifies the user’s ip and, depending on the instructions received, blocks or allows the visitor to visit the site. Blocking can occur for a number of reasons:
- for example, through geolocation, or by identifying an address as belonging to a particular country, access will be denied;
- there is a lockout based on the user’s specific address;
- even when using a dynamic address, it is not always possible to bypass the lockout.
Starting a proxy server on your computer means, first of all, to replace your ip. Proxy substitutes a new address instead of the real user’s ip. Depending on the server used, the address will be assigned automatically, or, if available, the user can choose the country under which he or she will be logged in to the network.
This method allows you to bypass any lock based on geodata, or at a specific user address.
Installing proxy servers
You can install and configure the proxy on any computer – desktop, mobile, office and home. There is a proxy, adapted to work with phones and tablets.
In order to learn how to start your network connection through a proxy, you should define the tasks and requirements for the proxy. For example, if the user plans to connect via proxy for all installed programs on the computer, it is necessary to install a full version of the proxy, which allows you to be anonymous not only when surfing sites through a browser, but also when using an email client, Skype and other programs that use the connection to the network.
If the user is more interested in security in the process of surfing sites, the ability to bypass the blocking and for other programs, the computer does not need a proxy – it is necessary to install it exclusively for the browser.
Quote: For inexperienced users who are unable to install a proxy, there are separate browsers in which this function is by default the Opera and Tor.
You can start the proxy server using manual configuration or automatic configuration. In the first case, all the values to be connected to the user will have to be entered manually. As practice shows, mistakes are often made, data are entered not in the window, as a result – the connection does not work. And then there is another problem – the user can not return to the default settings and to get access to the network must contact specialists. This method will be most convenient for those who understand the principles of network connection and know the basics. For all others it is recommended to pay attention to simpler ways of connecting to the network via proxy.
The so-called automatic proxy configuration script is a file that can be downloaded to your computer or found in the NAS. It can be used to automatically set up the connection. To do this, it is necessary to specify the path to its local storage place or the network path to its location in the connection settings. After applying the parameters, the script itself will set the necessary values, providing the opportunity to log on to the network through the proxy.
This method may seem difficult to the beginner, in addition to those who prefer to install a proxy for browsers and only, is less convenient and less practical.
An easy way to install a proxy in a browser
The easiest way to set up a proxy server on your computer to connect to the network is to install the most common extension on your browser, rather than using individual programs or a set of settings. This action is possible for any existing browsers, including Chrome, Yandex, Opera. Firefox, etc.
To install a proxy in your browser and start using it, just go to the extension store page and find the proxy program through the search bar. Once installed, they will be fully operational. The installation itself takes no more than a couple of minutes.
Quotation: To avoid problems and errors after installing the proxy extension in the browser, the browser itself should be restarted.
Proxy extension is often very convenient and easy to manage – it can be launched in a few clicks, as well as disabled. This feature allows you to almost instantly switch to the secure mode via proxy connection or return to the normal network connection.
Some extensions may offer the user the ability to choose the ip of a particular country, in addition, some have the option to get extended tools for an additional fee. For example, the ability to encrypt data, increase the possible connection speed, etc.
Changing the proxy extension is possible and available at any time. If for any reason the extension is no longer available, you can delete it. To do this, you need to go to the browser settings, select the menu for managing extensions (the menu item can be called differently depending on the version of the browser), find the necessary and replace the previous one.